Gum Disease


Gingivitis marks the initial stage of gum disease, typically stemming from poor oral hygiene habits. Plaque, a sticky film containing bacteria, forms on teeth and along the gumline. Without proper removal through regular brushing and flossing, this plaque can irritate the gums, leading to inflammation and the onset of gingivitis. One of the hallmark signs of gingivitis is swollen, red, and tender gums that may bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing.

While gingivitis itself doesn’t cause substantial damage or tooth loss, if left untreated, it can progress to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. However, gingivitis is reversible with proper oral care. Thorough dental hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing, is crucial for plaque removal and the prevention of gingivitis. Routine dental check-ups enable early detection and intervention by dental professionals to halt its progression.


  • Visual Examination: Dentists inspect the gums for redness, swelling, and signs of bleeding
  • Probing: Measures pocket depths; deeper pockets may indicate gingivitis
  • Gingival Index: Quantifies gum inflammation levels based on visual inspection and bleeding upon probing
  • X-rays: Assess bone loss and detect underlying issues in advanced cases


  • Professional Dental Cleaning: Removes plaque and tartar buildup below the gumline
  • Improved Oral Hygiene: Effective brushing, flossing, and mouthwash to control plaque
  • Antibiotics: Prescribed for severe cases to control bacterial growth
  • Laser Therapy: Targets and removes infected tissue, promoting gum healing


By understanding the signs and symptoms of gingivitis, individuals can take proactive measures to maintain proper oral hygiene, seek timely professional cleanings, and prevent the progression of gum disease, ensuring the health and integrity of their gums and teeth.